Stroke is usually caused by the buildup of fatty plaque inside the carotid arteries that cause the aorta to enlarge thus making the outer wall of the aorta to weaken that will eventually cause the aorta to rupture.
High blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, poor diet, and smoking are also health issues that can cause a person to have a higher risk factor of having a stroke during their lifetime.
A hemorrhagic Stroke usually happens in the brain or in a weakened blood vessel leak somewhere in the body and can damage to one or more areas of the body and may also result in death.
An Ischemic Stroke usually happens in blood vessels that become blocked a blood clot is stopping the blood flow carrying blood to the brain, this stop in blood flow usually causes the blood to pool up behind the blood clot causing the blood vessel outer wall to weaken and burst open.
TIA or what is called Transient Ischemic Attack also happens when the blood flow to part of the brain is temporally interrupted for a brief time period. A Transient Ischemic Attack can give a person stroke like symptoms and can last for a period of twenty four hours before the symptoms vanish.
When a person is experiencing a stroke, remember to think fast.
(Think about the word FAST)
F- Face, does one side of the persons face droop when you ask the person to smile.
A- Arms, is one arm lower than the other when you ask the person to raise both their arms.
S- Speech, is the person’s speech slurred when you ask the person to say a phrase like, what time of day is it.
T- Time, time is a very important factor when you or someone you see is having a stroke or experiencing any type stroke symptom. The quicker you can recognize someone is having a stroke and call 911 and get treatment at a hospital the less damage is caused to the brain, blood vessels, the carotid arteries of the aorta, or other damage a stroke can cause that would damage your body and possibly cause death.
If you or someone you love or know has a medical history of family members that have experienced a stoke, you or them may want to have a heart rhythm screening done using EKG electrodes placed on your arms and legs to determine if you have a regular heartbeat, or an irregular heartbeat.
A person that that has a medical history of stroke by a family member may also want to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm screening done. This procedure is done using an ultrasound screening of the abdominal area to check for an enlargement that can lead to a ruptured aorta.
A PAD screening or what is better known as peripheral arterial disease screening is also recommended for anyone who has a family medical history of stroke. A peripheral arterial disease screening will conduct an assessment of your lower extremities to see if you have symptoms of peripheral arterial disease that usually increases the risk of heart disease.
While you’re getting all this health screening done on your body, you may want to have an osteoporosis risk assessment done. An osteoporosis risk assessment is done by ultrasound screens of the heel for bone mass density. Usually osteoporosis is not very painful in its early stages but as it progresses the pain can become intense.
It is important for anyone who has a family medical history of having a stroke to make an appointment with their regular primary doctor or physician to discuss having a stroke screening done to help prevent them from experiencing a stroke in their future.