Sinking ships, severe storms and snow top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service and Storm Prediction Center (SPC) archives here are the events that happened on Sep. 22.
Several shipwrecks occurred on this day dating back 1800s. The wood schooner, two mast J.E. Shaw, while carrying wheat in 1856, was bound Milwaukee for Oswego in a gale, when she slipped in behind St. Helena Island in the Straits of Mackinac in Lake Michigan for shelter and was driven ashore, a total loss of 30,000 dollars. In 1868, the wood brig, two mast Sam Hale, while carrying lumber, was bound for Chicago, when she struck Whaleback Shoal off of Cedar River, Mich. in the bay of Green Bay during a gale. Most of her crew made it to shore, but two sailors left behind were aboard when the vessel broke up a few hours later. Both clung to floating wreckage and were picked up by passing vessels after a long drift. In 1893, the wood barge, pulpwood Michigan, while carrying iron ore, was bound Marquette for Ashtabula, in tow of the steamer City Of Naples. She sprang a leak in heavy seas during a gale and sank just east of Pt. Sable, off Grand Sable Dunes in Lake Superior before she could be towed to shore. Her crew was taken off one hour before she sank, by the Naples. In 1894, the wood, bulk freight James Pickands, while carrying iron ore, was blinded by forest fire smoke and struck the deadly reef of Sawtooth Reef in Lake Superior near Eagle River, Mich. She was later wrecked by a storm and still another storm pushed her off into deeper water. The ship had been bound Duluth for South Chicago. In 1895, a southwest gale on Lake Michigan and the bay of Green Bay sank the schooner E.R. Williams near the St. Martin Islands. The eight member crew abandoned her in their yawl, and were picked up the next day off Summer Island with no loss of life. In 1942, the steel, pulpwood barge, City of St. Joseph, while carrying pulpwood, was in tow of tug John Roen with barge Transport, was cut loose in a gale and driven ashore near Eagle Harbor in the Keweenaw Peninsula on Lake Superior, a total loss. One person lost their life. Remains largely cut up in place for scrap the following winter. As a steamer, she was one of first lakers to carry a wireless. The Transport was built as a 21-car sidewheel carferry, converted to barge in 1933.
Severe thunderstorms with tornadoes and hail impact Michigan on this date in weather history. In 1952, hail covered the ground like snow in Cascade Township, near Grand Rapids. A tornado hit two miles north of Marne in 1961. One person was injured and three buildings were heavily damaged. In 2005, thunderstorms along a front produced hail and wind damage across Michigan. Several reports of large hail with one report of hail 1.75 inches in diameter were reported in Grass Lake. Wind gust reports between 60 and 70 mph were reported on the east side of the state. Numerous tress and power lines also came down. In Flint, 3.62 inches of rain fell. This is the second highest amount of precipitation for the month of September in Flint. The greatest amount of precipitation for the month occurred on Sep. 10, 1950, with 6.04 inches of rainfall! Click here for a radar loop of the storms. View the attached slideshow for more images of the storms.
In 1974, a record chill from the upper Midwest to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley courtesy of Canadian high pressure. Michigan record lows include Sault Ste. Marie 28 degrees, Detroit 30 degrees, and Grand Rapids ties their 1947 record with 34 degrees. In Marquette 4.4 inches of snow fell. At the Weather Forecast Office in Marquette, a record daily snowfall of 1.4 inches occurred. In 1995, over six inches of snow fell in Ironwood, Mich.