World leaders wrapped up G-20 meetings in Turkey with a vow to boost intelligence-sharing, cut off terrorist funding and strengthen border security in Europe, as they sought to show resolve and unity following the deadly terror attacks in Paris. This year’s G-20 agenda also included efforts to hasten global economic growth, with a particular focus on addressing the effects of China’s economic slowdown. French warplanes launched an assault on ISIS targets in Raqqa, Syria. Meanwhile, the authorities in France announced that they had conducted sweeping police raids around the country overnight, detaining two dozen people.
ISIS released a video today saying they will strike Washington. The Department of Homeland Safety said it had no “specific credible information of an attack on the U.S. homeland.” CIA Director John Brennan said he would be surprised if the group doesn’t have additional attacks in preparation.
Markets across the globe are still processing the weekend’s coordinated terrorist attacks in Paris. Asian exchanges traded lower overnight. European shares reversed early losses and closed in positive territory. The euro dropped, as investors scrambled for safe-havens like the U.S. dollar.
French President Hollande declared that France is at war. Hollande urged lawmakers to approve a three-month extension of the nation’s state of emergency, new laws that would allow authorities to strip the citizenship from French-born terrorists, and provisions making it easier to deport suspected terrorists.
The attacks are also likely to hit France’s economy, which has the largest number of tourists in the world. The sector accounts for almost 7.5 percent of the country’s GDP. The specific wording by President Hollande is of note, because of course it opens up a can of worms about NATO, the EU, and various agreements for open borders in the EU. This means likely restrictions on import-export activity.
It is nearly impossible to calculate the side effects of the Paris attacks. A couple of quick thoughts include an increase in surveillance. UK Prime Minister David Cameron has already announced the Brits will hire 1,900 new spies to deal with ISIS. The CIA is surely going to place a few ads as well. This will drive the tech heads in San Jose even crazier.
Next, think about the role of Russia in Syria and then expand it out to the role of Russian oil and Saudi Arabian oil vying for global market share. The oil market has been bound up with geopolitics and the threat of conflict for a century, and today’s trading in the oil patch is far from the final word on the direction of those markets.
White House officials confirmed Putin and Obama met privately at the G-20 in Turkey and agreed to “a Syrian-led and Syrian-owned political transition.” These are delicate positions in the dangerous dance between Sunni and Shia playing out in the deserts of Syria and Iraq.
The major stock indices in the US started in negative territory, but then rallied. There were some interesting theories bandied about for the recovery. One story talked about the increase in oil stocks as investors looked for safe havens; although the story didn’t go so far as to suggest that increased military action in the Middle East threatens oil supply routes or even that cutting off ISIS black market oil trading removes a small chunk of supply.
Another story mentioned the travel and tourism industry had a bad day, but then explained that previous terror attacks have taught investors that it doesn’t make financial sense to panic. And then the idea that citizens steadfastly refuse to allow terrorists to dictate how we will live our lives because terrorism won’t succeed in the long run.
I missed a good discussion on whether traders felt the terror attacks might push the Fed to pass on a rate hike in December. Nor was there much discussion about the probability of the stock markets’ bullish affection to war. I don’t know why the markets moved higher. Maybe after a lousy week last week, the shorts closed out positions because it was just time for an up day.
The response in the US has been to fly French flags at football games. The NYSE and Nasdaq observed a minute of silence at 9:25 AM Eastern, before the opening bell. And already, nine states (at last count) have said they would shut their doors to Syrian refugees, in direct violation of the Pottery Barn Rule. The governors of Florida, Alabama, North Carolina, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Indiana, Illinois, and Massachusetts all said they would not accept refugees fleeing the Syrian conflict; go ahead and connect the dots.
There has yet to be a single Syrian refugee resettled in Alabama to date, even though there is a US State Department-approved refugee processing center in Mobile. And it is uncertain whether any governor would have the power to ban refugees from a given country, as resettlement is handled at the federal level. The State Department said this morning that the US still plans to try to admit 10,000 Syrian refugees into the country in the coming year; final destination to be determined.
Marriott International (MAR) said that it had agreed to buy Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide (HOT) for $12.2 billion in cash and stock, creating the world’s largest hotel company. The timing of this acquisition was just exquisite. Under the terms of the deal, Marriott will pay $72.08 a share in cash and stock for Starwood, whose brands include Westin, the W, Sheraton and St. Regis. Starwood shareholders would own 37 percent of the combined company. Combined, the companies operate more than 5,500 hotels with 1.1 million rooms worldwide in 30 countries, with 300,000 employees.
For the first time in at least a decade, imports fell in both September and October at the three busiest seaports in the US. The three – Los Angeles, Long Beach, and New York harbor – handle more than half of the goods coming into the country, and saw imports fall just over 10 percent between August and October; typically known as peak shipping season. The slowdown in imports is likely an adjustment from a sizable inventory build-up earlier this year.
S&P 500 earnings are on track to close their first season of negative growth since 2009, with more than 90 percent of components having already reported results, S&P 500 earnings are down 0.9 percent in the third quarter. Estimates call for sub-zero growth in the current quarter as well setting up for a bona fide ‘earnings recession’ (two consecutive periods of declines). According to FactSet, this already occurred in the second and third quarters. All this comes as the Fed prepares to hike rates for the first time in almost a decade – a move that could weaken corporate earnings even further.
Japan has unofficially entered recession. Japan just booked two consecutive quarters of negative gross domestic product. GDP contracted at an annualized pace of 0.8 percent in the third after a 0.7 percent pace of contraction in second quarter. The Nikkei 225-share index dropped 1 percent.
The average price of crude sold by OPEC fell below $40 a barrel for the first time 2009. The daily OPEC Basket Price fell to $39.21 a barrel on November 13. The basket, an average of export grades from each of the group’s 12 members, typically trades below international oil futures as some OPEC nations pump denser or higher-sulfur crude that’s less profitable to refine. OPEC’s annual revenues may be curbed to $550 billion at current prices from an average of more than $1 trillion in the last five years.
The number of oil wells in North Dakota that have been drilled but not fracked has topped 1,000 for the first time in September, as producers wait for prices to recover before turning them on. As a result, more than 8 percent of oil wells in North Dakota are now sitting idle, harming the industry’s ability to grow production; daily output in the state fell 2 percent in September to about 1.16 million barrels a day.
The nation’s second largest for-profit college, Education Management Corporation, will forgive nearly $103 million worth of student loan debt to settle claims that it violated consumer protection laws; specifically, misleading students about the benefits of a degree from its schools, and misrepresenting job placement numbers.
In a separate action, the company agreed to pay an additional $95 million to settle four whistleblower lawsuits that claimed it misled the government about its recruiting strategy. EDMC operates a network of 110 under the names: Art Institute, Argosy University, Brown Mackie College, and South University. EDMC did not admit to any wrongdoing.
Constellation Brands (STZ), the maker of Robert Mondavi wines and Svedka vodka, agreed to acquire Ballast Point Brewing & Spirits for $1 billion to add to its beer portfolio. The deal is expected to be completed this year and will be financed with cash and debt.
Ericsson (ERIC) said it has not engaged in any merger talks with Cisco Systems (CSCO), despite rumors Cisco was actively pursuing the Swedish maker of networking equipment.
Blackstone (BX) has reportedly agreed to sell its facility management group GCA Services unit for about $1 billion to Goldman Sachs (GS) and Thomas H. Lee Partners.
Canadian Pacific (CP) CEO Hunter Harrison met with Norfolk Southern (NSC) CEO James Squires, proposing a possible merger, which was coolly received by the Norfolk boss.
The Supreme Court refused to be drawn into the debate over Planned Parenthood, rejecting an appeal by abortion opponents who said they had a right to see some of the group’s internal documents, including its medical-standards manual. The appeal by New Hampshire Right to Life sought the disclosure of information related to a 2011 federal grant made to the Planned Parenthood chapter in northern New England.