There are many original plaques commemorating Confederate and Union units that fought at Gettysburg still standing on the battlefield. There are over 1,200 monuments and markers, small and large, there today at the national park and located on the battlefield avenues.
Markers designated locations of Confederate and Union brigade headquarters, division headquarters, corps headquarters, positions of regiments and batteries. One of the more unusual plaques, inside the “castle” New York Monument honoring the 12th New York and the 44th New York Infantry regiments on Little Round Top, list the names of two women – Lora A. Hudson Bissell and Harriet Weld Corning. Miss Bissell was called the “daughter of the regiment” as she penned the words to what became their regimental song called “Ellsworth Avengers”. Miss Corning presented the regiment with the flag they carried into battle.
The original iron markers were manufactured by two companies owned and operated by Calvin Gilbert. Gilbert had been a member of the regimental band of the 87th Pennsylvania Volunteers. He had opened an iron foundry in Chambersburg in 1868. Thirty years later he also purchased the Gettysburg foundry. His foundries forged the metal plaques.
The bronze markers were manufactured by Albert Russell and Sons of Newburyport, Massachusetts. The granite foundations for the markers were built by Van Amringe Company from Boston, Massachusetts.
Each and every one of the markers on the battlefield were designed by architect Emmor Bradley Cope. The monuments were installed between 1899 and 1910 by the Gettysburg National Park Commission which had been established by the U.S. Department of War. In 1933, the National Park Service acquired the battlefield. Each marker has been restored at least once since that time.
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