What could be more important in a relationship than communication? Health. Health is very important. Indispensably, it keeps on changing and there is a time when we procure good health, illness, and sometimes even serious illness, in the same way. Sometimes, it is caused by psychological factor, disorder of physical activity, and even environmental factor, which is also referred as ecological factor. Like leakage of harmful gases, deleterious viruses present in plants or dead animals, sprinkling of DDT (proved harmful to the environment), deforestation of forests, increase in air pollution, use of contaminated water, and so on. Human Health – Implications Due To Ecological Accidents is a far more vital concept and area to research on.
Chernobyl disaster– It was the worst explosion occurred at a Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine in history. It emitted large amounts of radioactive particles, which caused a big catastrophe in terms of casualty and it had a long term effect that it is still being examined. And economically, it endured a huge loss; estimated to be 18 billion Rubles
Ammonia Leakage– Ammonia is a highly irritating and colorless chemical essential for the human body to produce protein and other molecules. It is also present in soil and decay, released by plants and animals.
Ammonia Leakage and Health Effects Caused
Effect of Ammonia- Excessive doses of ammonia can result in burning of the throat, eyes, and nose, which can cause lung damage, complete blindness, and even death. Ammonia Leakage is an example of Human Health – Implications, due To Ecological Accidents.
Green Patrol (A Russian ecological organization) announced the accident that took place in the Ternovo district of Voronezh region in Russia, due to an ammonia leakage from an ammonia pipeline that was operated by the Togliattiazot company. This accident led to alarming and serious deterioration of air, water, and soil. It caused irreparable loss including the life of plants and animals, and agriculture. Millions of dead aquatic animals surfaced the river. They estimated that the total capital loss was around 10.2 million Russian rubles and around 800 people were evacuated.
Known as the world’s largest ammonia producer, Togliattiazot produced 2.9 million tons of ammonia in 2014, according to statistics published in newspapers.The company also has a reputation of being corrupt. Interpol placed the directors of Togliattiazot on the international wanted list in 2014. Sergei Makhlai, chairman of Togliattiazot’s board of directors, fled Russia in 2005 after being charged with fraud and tax evasion. Former general manager, Evgeny Korolev also left Russia in 2013, under suspicion of large scale fraud.
Safety Measures of Ammonia Leakage–
Ammonia is a flammable and temperature intensive solution. Combining ammonia with other chemicals (e.g. Bromine, Mercury, Silver oxide) can make a rigorously explosive mixture, which can cause immense damage.
- When Tank cars are emptied, valves should be made tight rigorously
- Make sure that storage vessels are kept in a dry and cool place
- Safety device to control the pressure must be accessible, in case of over pressurization
- Provision of ventilation should be in place
- Warning signs should be displayed conspicuously
- Place of storage needs to be separate from the building
- Before stuffing the cylinders, make sure it has good quality and solidity
- Avoid using ropes and hooks for unloading vessel
Russian governmental watchdog on ecology and industrial safety
Russian Environmentalists are seeking a new Watchdog Role to monitor the degradation in the environment. Vladimir Putin recently depleted two bodies, protecting the environment. Natural resources are primarily responsible for exploitation of the environment. Many environmental bodies have asked the World Bank to provide loans to bring the situation in order. Russian Government has dissolved the state committee to Ministry of Natural Resources, in order to get the upstanding environment.
Russia’s monitoring on ecological situations
Russia is monitoring how to detect and report pollution. Local organizations have become more responsible, because they are in doubt of whether the government will provide effective environmental protection or not.
Investment in risk management and industrial ecology programs in Russia and other parts of the world
In the current decade, industrial potentials have been created in Russia, including scientific research and educational institutions, in order to cater to the environmental issue and provide education on certain issues. FWR (Environmental Protection Body) is collaborating with other NGOs, all over Russia, to control the effect of ecological accidents
The body of IASA has created ecological strategy in collaboration with RAS for turning up the quality and maintenance of natural environment.