Feline demodicosis, also known as red mange, is a skin disease of cats that is fashioned by three species of mites; Demodex gatoi Demodex cati, and another species of Demodex which does not at present have a name. These three species of mites are to blame for generating the lesions and hair-loss appearance when feline is affected by mange. While feline demodicosis appears to be more common in the Burmese and Siamese breed of cats, it is comparatively rare in the feline world.
It is at present indefinite whether there is any genetic penchant of feline demodicosis. But it is recognized that, in most cases of feline demodicosis, an underlying condition is present which attributes to the progress of demodicosis. Associated underlying conditions include: Diabetes, Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), Lupus and Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).
These conditions are thought to be contributing factors of demodicosis because the majority of cats infected with demodicosis also have one of these conditions. Sometimes treatment with steroids is given for these conditions. And it is also thought that continuous steroid usage increases the likelihood of developing demodicosis.
Feline demodicosis presents indications that characteristically do not go unnoticed. Because it has an effect on the physical appearance of your feline, it is likely that you will catch the infection before it goes very far. Some of the signs to look for include: Large areas of hair loss in the neck and head area, fur loss over the entire body, red bumps, similar to the appearance of a rash or allergic reaction, and sores that are brittle or ooze
Demodicosis can be correctly established when samples of skin scrapings are taken. The mites can be distinguished when looking under a microscope. On the other hand, mites are on average present on all cats so the exacting species of mite which causes demodicosis has to be identified sequentially for a diagnosis to be made. When skin samples are taken, they will frequently be taken from a choice of parts of the body to ensure a correct examination of the parasite.
In addition, there may also be a fecal sample taken from your feline. Because cats groom themselves often, the parasite will unavoidably end up in their stool. The mites from the fecal sample can also help to make an exact diagnosis.
Treatment of demodicosis takes in treating any original condition which might have contributed to the growth of the condition and a treatment management for the condition itself. The treatment process is typically conducted by: Methodical scraping of your cat with a fine tooth comb, removing as many of the mites as achievable. A sulfur dip, every five to seven days over a six week period, an Elizabethan collar needed until the coat is dry so that the miscellany of the sulfur dip is not ingested., Ivermectin, which is an oral medication, can be used to treat certain strains of mite species, Amitraz which is a topical ointment, may be applied every day, but is not suggested for long term use.
Because of the success of the sulfur dip in treating feline demodicosis, medications are not at all times needed and only governs on a contingent basis.